Rooigrond is a small hamlet between Lichtenburg and Mahikeng – just off the R503 road. The place was formerly known as Vrywilligersrus and Heliopolis.
Part of the region Rooigrond, ceded to Boer volunteers by Tswana chiefs in the 1880s, became the republics of Stellaland and Goshen. Rooigrond served as capital of the State of Goshen from 1882 to 1883.
Goshen, officially known as the State of Goshen was a short-lived Boer Republic in southern Africa founded by Boers opposing British rule in the region.
Located in an area of Bechuanaland, west of the Transvaal, Goshen existed as an independent nation for a short period; from 1882 to 1883 as the State of Goshen and, after unification with neighbouring Stellaland, as the United States of Stellaland from 1883 to 1885.
During its history, Goshen, though small in size, became a focal point of conflict between the British Empire and the South African Republic, the two major players vying over the territory. After a series of claims and annexations, British fears of Boer expansionism ultimately led to its demise and, among other factors, set the stage for the Second Boer War of 1899–1902.
Attractions in and around Rooigrond include:
– The Molopo Eye
– Mahikeng Game Reserve includes 46 square kilometres of Kalahari and Acacia bushveld. It serves as the home of rhinoceroses, giraffes, gemsboks, buffaloes, wildebeests and springboks.
|Country name||South Africa|