Fundamentally a coal mining and beef farming town, Vryheid – from the Afrikaans word for ‘freedom’ – lies roughly 70 kilometres north east of Dundee in Zululand.
After Boer farmers, who lived in the Vryheid area, had helped King Dinuzulu to the Zulu throne, land that they occupied was given to them by cession from the Zulu king along the banks of the Mfolozi River.
On August 5, 1884 the Boers formed the Nieuwe Republiek with Vryheid as its capital and its sovereignty was recognized by Germany and Portugal. It was later incorporated into the South African Republic, but at the end of the Second Boer War the town and its surrounding area was absorbed into the Natal colony by the British.
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