Germiston is a small city in the East Rand region. It functions as the municipal seat of Ekurhuleni, hosting the municipal council and administration.
It was established in the early days of the gold rush when two prospectors, John Jack from the farm of Germiston near Glasgow and August Simmer from Vacha in Germany, struck paydirt on the farm of Elandsfontein.
In 1921 the world’s largest gold refinery, the Rand Refinery, was established at Germiston. Although gold mining gradually wound down in Germiston, to the point that by the end of the 20th century it was no longer a mining centre, the Rand Refinery remains as busy as ever.
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