Windhoek is the capital and largest city of Namibia. It is located in central Namibia in the Khomas Highland plateau area, at around 1,700 metres above sea level, almost exactly at the country’s geographical centre. Windhoek is the social, economic, political, and cultural centre of the country.
The city developed at the site of a permanent hot spring known to the indigenous pastoral communities. It developed rapidly after Jonker Afrikaner, Captain of the Orlam, settled here in 1840 and built a stone church for his community.
In the decades following, multiple wars and armed hostilities resulted in the neglect and destruction of the new settlement. Windhoek was founded a second time in 1890 by Imperial German Army Major Curt von François, when the territory was colonised by the German Empire.
The town is known as the art capital of Namibia. The National Art Gallery of Namibia is located in Windhoek.
The National Museum of Namibia has two locations. The Alte Feste Museum showcases a range of colonial items such as wagons and domestic items. Owela Museum contains displays of minerals, fossils and meteorites and gives an insight into traditional village life.