Sossusvlei is a salt and clay pan surrounded by high red dunes, located in the southern part of the Namib Desert, in the Namib-Naukluft National Park.
Since Sossusvlei is possibly the main attraction of Namibia, numerous places of accommodation can be found along the border of the National Park, between Sesriem and the nearest settlement, Solitaire.
Recently, accommodation has been built inside the park. It is also possible to take scenic flights over the dunes, either with small planes (mainly from Swakopmund and Walvis Bay) or in hot air balloons (departing from Sesriem in the morning).
The oldest dunes are those of a more intense reddish color. These dunes are among the highest in the world; many of them are above 200 metres. The highest being the one nicknamed Big Daddy, about 325 metres high, however the highest dune in the Namib Desert, Dune 7, is about 388 metres high.
Other attractions in close proximity to Sossusvlei include Sesriem Canyon, Dune 45, Hiddenvlei, Big Daddy and Deadvlei. All of these attractions can be accessed from the road that takes you to Sossusvlei, and are all well worth a visit. Much of the Sossusvlei and Namib fauna is endemic and highly adapted to the specific features of the Namib.